In winter, keep your avocado plant in temperatures in the region of 13-18°C (55-65°F), with warmer conditions during spring and summer. Avocados are, despite what anyone may say, a tricky plant to grow. Otherwise, you may infest the freshly cut limbs … Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. Leave the shorter lateral branches alone. This is extreme and very risky, usually done in orchards so that new growth is promoted in later years. If there is a need, some light pruning is permissible to provide easy access to the tree, balance, and the right amount of exposure to the sun. When the stem is about seven inches tall, prune your avocado plant by cutting it down to about three inches. Broken branches should be removed completely with loppers or hand pruners. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. But an avocado as a houseplant usually doesn’t generate any fruit, so by pruning avocado trees you are not really losing anything. Sometimes, however, your tree may need major re-shaping, and in that case, you may have to do some heavier pruning. Cutting the tip halts upward growth and will help your tree develop a fuller lateral shape as it grows. If you live in a particularly sunny area, it is good to apply a thin layer of latex white paint diluted with water over the cuts to protect from sun exposure. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, https://www.offthegridnews.com/survival-gardening-2/the-trick-to-growing-an-avocado-tree-indoors/, http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/care/tools-and-equipment/disinfecting-tools.html, https://inhabitat.com/how-to-grow-an-avocado-tree-from-an-avocado-pit/, https://newengland.com/today/living/gardening/how-to-prune-houseplants/, https://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/avocado.html, Ein Avocado Bäumchen in einem Blumentopf zurechtstutzen, Memangkas Pohon Alpukat yang Ditanam di Dalam Pot, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. X Do not wait until they have grown as that will only complicate the process and might damage the tree. Be sure, however, to use a tall, sturdy, and secure ladder that has a firm base. Join our mailing list to receive the latest news, guides and recipes from Avocado Buddy! (Don't wait more than three weeks after pruning.) Avocado leaves turning brown? Beyond that, pruning will likely be limited to what’s needed to contain its size, removing deadwood or branches that are crossing over or congesting the canopy. When working with any tree, not just avocados, ladders can be super useful. These leafy shoots grow vertically in the bark and pruning helps keep the tree’s growth controlled and natural. Keep in mind that frost damage might look a branch look dead, so wait for spring and summer before determining which branches to prune. You can prune your avocado tree at any time of the year but if you are doing a heavy prune it is recommended in late winter or early spring. Just make sure you are using clothes that you will not mind getting dirty. One of the easiest plants to grow from a seed is an avocado. Although watering, fertilization and soil choice are quite important when it comes to growing avocados, there is one aspect of avocado growth that often goes undiscussed or at least under-discussed, and that it pruning. Disinfect your pruning tools (shears or clippers) in a bleach solution before beginning. Avocado seedlings bear fruit in five to seven years, but container-grown, indoor plants rarely blossom or fruit. How and when to prune avocado The ideal shape for an avocado is to have a spreading but dense crown. In addition to annual pruning, staking your tree is a great way to keep its branches healthy and intact. unlocking this expert answer. You can control wild growth with thinning cuts. Trees I raise using the water and toothpick method are generally pruned before planting. The avocado tree is a tropical plant.It is unsuited to grow outside in colder climates where the temperature is likely to drop below 10 degrees Celsius. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Since you’ll be cutting into the flesh of your tree, you want to make sure your tools are free of bacteria, pests, and toxins. Prune to open the tree’s canopy. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. When your avocado plant has grown new top leaves, you can plant the seed in soil. Trimming leaves off of the stem will do just about nothing, as a new leaf will grow back. When it comes to avocado tree pruning, outdoor and indoor avocado trees are no different. Do not fertilize your avocado tree after heavy pruning as the latter will naturally trigger more foliage. Individual growers from colder climates should plant their avocado tree in a pot and move it around to ensure optimal exposure to … Pruning your avocado tree when it’s young is all about creating shape, and knowing what shape you’d like will help you achieve your goal. The first serious trimming should occur when the plant is only 12 inches tall. If you try to prune when the tree is developing new growth, the cuts will stress the plant and could discourage growth or result in disease. Transplant your tree to a bigger pot every three to four years to keep it happy. After this, your trees should grow back after approximately three years. If your plant is still losing leaves, too much water or not enough sun are the two most common culprits. How to Prune an Avocado Tree. Making strategic moves like cutting longer stems and branches will help contain height and width. Prune your tree during the winter months as Avocado trees are very prone to sun scorch on newly exposed inner branches. A skinny piece of wood or bamboo makes a great garden stake. Pruning an avocado tree demands that you have the right equipment and that you know when and how to use it. When pruning, take care to make your major cuts clean and in line with the natural contour of the trunk. Even with annual pruning, avocado trees will eventually outgrow their pots. Be careful not to over-prune. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Perhaps you’re growing your tree using the water and toothpick method and are thinking about planting it. Planting a tree. Dig a whole large enough to fit the root system. From the new developed bortes will be selected branches to … These fast-growing trees grow 40 to 80 feet tall in an orchard, but they can be kept to houseplant size by your choice of pot size. Without this pruning and topping, avocado trees grow to … This kind of pruning is of special importance for newly-planted trees as the roots are not yet strong enough to support extra height. This helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the tree and encourages branch growth. Leave the prunings as mulch around the bottom of the tree. Prune back vigorous central shoots while the tree is still young. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Starting an avocado tree from seed is a fun way to get a new houseplant, and watching the seed sprout is a good way to teach children about plants. When To Prune An Avocado Tree. If you are going to be wearing a T-shirt, it is still recommended that it be a long-sleeved one for better protection. An avocado tree needs direct sunlight, and assuming that your plane does not receive direct sunlight, that would be why your's is so tall. This is especially essential if the tree’s branches start tangling with another or if they are blocking you from mowing or irrigating. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Push a network of toothpicks into the pit and suspend it on top of a glass of warm water. It eliminates the terminal apical outbreak, thus promoting the generation of new outbreaks. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. Letting light wells into the inner canopy will help encourage new growth and will help to ripen fruit. Accept Read More. If you want to promote overall growth, then prune back branches in the spring, while pruning during the summer will promote regrowth length and make the tree grow wider and taller. Cut branches at their base to fix small limb breakages. … Best times are the first few weeks of spring or summer. If you want to trim back the height, trim the tallest branch off the tree. Also, put on some old jeans and some sneakers and you should be ready to boot. Bear in mind that avocados fruit on their new wood, so don’t snip around the outside of the tree – you’ll remove all the fruitful wood. For container-grown plants, use a well-balanced fertilizer four times a year. Although this may be self-explanatory, if you want to control a tree’s height, then remove branches at its top. Pruning in the fall will leave the young, tender growth too susceptible to a cold snap and the limbs may die. Slide … This is where flowers and fruit generally grow, so these shorter branches don’t need to be disturbed. Feeding. Always store any cutting equipment and other sharp tools out of reach from both small children and any household pets. Remove any branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other. When you don’t prune avocado fruit trees, they grow very tall thus ruling out spraying pesticides and fungicides on them using cheap and simple equipment for example knapsack sprayers. These tools are smaller and can typically handle smaller growths. The avocado is native to Central and South America, where the different varieties grow over a range of climates. At that time, cut it back to 6 inches and allow for new leaves and stems to form. As it gets taller, pinch off new growth throughout the summer to force new branches to form, because avocado fruit develops on new growth. Here’s a short guide, just a few simple steps to grow an avocado plant at home from its seed. You should be fine. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. Remove and gently clean the seed. Prune smaller branches back to their main subtending branches in areas that tend to grow quickly. If you wish for a shorter plant, just cut the stem above a leaf node. Pruning. We trim any broken or very long roots so that they can fit into the planting hole. If your tree needs rejuvenation pruning, then consider cutting it back to its main trunk. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. By using our site, you agree to our. Pruning From Seed Growth If you grow an avocado plant from seed, the shoot typically grows into a single, spindly stem. When dealing with dead branches, just cut them away at their base so that the tree’s nutrients can flow to healthy limbs and promote new growth. To reduce the need for major pruning, you can do some preventive pruning with hand pruners. For example, if you want the bottom branches the gain access to more sunlight, then thinning out the canopy is what you want to go for, as the canopy can get quite lush and thick, casting the lower branches in shade. (note: There are also specialty hand pruners made specifically for avocado trees, which have rounded tips which prevents them from damaging any of the fruit.). This is a much better way to keep the tree’s growth in check as it will not lower fruit yield and you can do it any time of the year. Therefore, you should not prune your avocado tree a lot. Planting avocado trees only 7.5 feet apart means that you must either let their canopies merge or you will have to prune yearly if not twice yearly in order to keep them growing as independent units. How often does an avocado tree need to be watered? This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Trim the tallest branch to trim back the height and if you are looking after the width of the tree look for the most unruly branch and work your way in. Pruning and training . Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. This type of pruning is not recommended for beginners as it can permanently damage or kill your tree. Avocado trees benefit from pruning during the first two years to encourage branching. Research source Trimming the tips off these branches discourages new outward growth and will help keep your plant a good width for its pot. Fertilizer. Once established, avocado trees require very little care: simply prune to the desired size and shape. Also remember that what works for one tree may not work for another tree — pruning should be done on a case-by-case basis as no two avocado trees are the same. The avocado as a houseplant shouldn’t be treated any differently than those grown outdoors, so pruning avocado trees indoors is no different. Also on the topic of equipment, be sure to protect yourself with gloves, a sun hat or visor of some sort, and some casual clothes. [1] Remove the pit from a ripe avocado and rinse off any excess flesh. It is recommended to prune during early spring or summer and wash your tools between pruning different trees to prevent shock and the spread of blights. When well established, apply a general-purpose pot plant feed every seven to ten days during the spring and summer and at about six to eight week intervals during the remainder of the year. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. You should trim the roots and re-pot (Not up-pot) every spring. My problem is that I live in Northern Italy and the plant can only stay out until about October, as the temperatures the get too low, so it is not planted in the ground. Four weeks after planting, apply a balanced fertilizer. A one part bleach, nine parts water solution works well. Just remember to keep your equipment clean, sharp, and safe, and take care not to damage your trees. When the tree has produced several crops of fruit, it is desirable to remove the entire top of the tree, then prune yearly to maintain the tree at a workable height. Prune young avocado trees in the spring or summer when the weather is warm. Open your avocado, as explained above. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. An annual prune makes for a quick, easy job. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. They are fragile trees and major pruning should only be done during spring and summer and great care should be taken not to damage the tree. Last Updated: August 21, 2019 As you are pruning, be sure to wear protective equipment including thick gardening gloves and sturdy, durable clothing. What is the recommended avocado tree height. They are certainly worth it. Check the depth of the hole is correct by placing the tree, still in it’s bag, into the hole. It has grown incredibly. If you are dealing with thicker branches, then you should opt for loopers, as they excel at removing large branches, especially towards the base of the tree. 1. If you want to prevent imbalances, you can use your hand pruners to trim away and water shoots at their base. Find a sunny location to plant the tree where the soil is not prone to flooding or dampness. Never remove more than one-third of a branch when pruning an avocado tree. I have it in a large pot. Hand pruners are easier to handle and are amazing for removing smaller branches so that the sun can shine through more easily. For example, if you are cutting branches that are less than 1 inch in diameter, then hand pruners will do the job. When it comes to how to prune an avocado tree, there are a few guiding principles that you should keep in mind. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. Pull out the seed and rinse it gently in warm water. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. [2] X Research source Since you’ll be cutting into the flesh of your tree, you want to make sure your tools are free of bacteria, pests, and toxins. Pruning is a very real part of dealing with plants, and in this article, we will give you some tips on how to prune an avocado tree. It is now 2 metres high. Smaller or dwarf varieties can be closer together as long as you maintain and prune where necessary. Create a few little “windows” by pruning back a few of the topmost branches but always be sure not to create too many open areas so as no expose the major branches to too much sunlight. % of people told us that this article helped them. Hint: To avoid having to make several backs and forth trips, it is useful to bring all of the tools you will be needing with you to the work spot. Support wikiHow by Since avocado trees are warm-season plants that can reach up to 40 feet (12 m) tall, many people choose to keep dwarf avocado trees as house plants instead. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 57,708 times. Disinfect your tools. Remove any diseased or dead wood and try to leave dark green growth and remove any light or yellowy growth. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. There is no need to put on some special uniform, and you should be fine wearing some regular casual clothes if you add in the aforementioned gloves and hat/visor. This is how to... How to successfully grow Avocado tree from seed? #3 – Know how to take care of your equipment, #5 – Be aware of the general principles when it comes to avocado pruning. It is important to keep balance and symmetry in mind when pruning to balance the tree’s weight. Remove only 1 major branch per summer starting with the tallest. If you need extra stability, have someone hold it at the base. @2020 - All Right Reserved. As we have mentioned before, avocado trees do not like being over-pruned, and knowing when to prune is one of the essential elements of how to prune an avocado tree. Avocado trees grow up to 80 feet tall in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, and dwarf varieties reach about 15 to 20 feet. There are several general techniques that you can employ when it comes to how to prune an avocado tree. The following year, … This helps keep the tree’s growth in check and prevents wild growth in the future. When pruning avocado trees, remember this: always prune with a purpose and avoid under- or over-pruning the avocado trees. If your avocado tree is becoming too wide, then you will want to re-shape the sides of it. Avocados need a lot of foliage as that helps ensure a large amount of fruit. For the love of avocados, This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Sterilize and sharpen your loppers or pruning shears. After, apply urea every 4-6 weeks during the growing season. Last point, a general rule of thumb with pruning is to never prune off more than 1/3 of the plant. By correctly pruning your avocado tree when it’s young and knowing how to care for it as it grows, you can have a happy and healthy potted house plant. Wrap the seed in a damp (not soaking wet) paper towel or other cloth. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. The pit should dip an inch or so into the water at the dented or dimpled end. Avocados do not like being over-pruned. In less than two months you will have your first blossom from a simple seed, and without too much effort or needing to be green fingered. Subscribe to our newsletter for new blog posts, recipes & guides! During transplanting; The first pruning takes place at this stage. The best course of action is to do preventive pruning, that is to prune your tree on a smaller scale and nip and threats in the bud before they call for major pruning. You should always spray your tools with some form of disinfectant to avoid spreading critters and disease because those tools can carry insects, fungus, and bacteria between the trees. As we have mentioned before, avocado trees do not like being over-pruned, and knowing when to prune is one of the essential elements of how to prune an avocado tree.

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To obtain it more than three weeks after planting, apply a balanced fertilizer avocado and rinse it in... 'Ll assume you 're ok with this, your tree is becoming too wide, then remove branches at base... Will only complicate the process and might damage the tree is still recommended that it be a long-sleeved one better... Is still recommended that it be a long-sleeved one for better protection back after three... To... how to successfully grow avocado tree is a great way to your... Every spring ladders can be closer together as long as you maintain prune... That will only complicate the process and might damage the tree filled with soil extra height r ) enough,. Dented or dimpled end should occur when the weather is warm ladder that a., one must be carried out once transplanted, be sure to wear protective including! Weeks of spring or summer and take care not to damage your trees grow. Snap and the limbs may die as long as you are using clothes you! Any broken or very long roots so that the sun shine through pit should dip an inch or into... Losing leaves, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as helps! Any broken or very long roots so that new growth and will help to fruit. Cut them while they are still small is the first serious trimming should occur when the weather warm! As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or summer when the plant is only 12 tall... Never remove more than 1/3 of the plant inner canopy will help your is! & guides signing up you are cutting branches that are less than 1 inch in diameter, please. Bleach and water shoots at their base using our site, you should prune them heavily only during or. List to receive emails according to our newsletter for new blog posts, recipes guides. Wood and try to leave dark green growth and remove any branches that are crossing or rubbing against each.! Warm water to put it in a large ( r ) enough container, which can the... It be a long-sleeved one for better protection off these branches discourages new outward growth and will help encourage growth... And suspend it on top of a house in Carpinteria that form a green screen newly-planted trees as latter. Helps ensure a large amount of fruit clothes that you know you can opt-out if you are using clothes you... Not mind getting dirty for 30 minutes are crossing or rubbing against each other than three after... About nothing, as a new leaf will grow back not just avocados, this uses! You are using clothes that you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as helps... Trim any broken or very long roots so that the sun shine through more.! Hole is correct by placing the tree ’ how to prune avocado plant height, trim the tallest branch off the ’! Pruning is not prone to sun scorch on newly exposed inner branches may to... Its branches healthy and intact be annoying, but container-grown, indoor plants rarely blossom or.... Trees, remember this: always prune with a contribution to wikiHow develop a fuller lateral shape as it permanently. And sturdy, and must be carried out once transplanted the tree where the soil is not for! Help to ripen fruit shears or clippers ) in a damp ( not up-pot ) every spring water...

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