The specific epithet, splendens, is a Latin word meaning "shining", "glittering" or "bright", described by Vieillot in 1817 . Two Numbers The Singular, which speak∣eth but of one, as Lápis, a stone. Florida's exotic avifauna: a preliminary checklist. Bergier P, Franchimont J, Thévenot M, 2005. Гнездятся в Oriental Region: nw India through sw Thailand; можно увидеть в 51 стране. 1) Sri Lanka crow - corvus splendens protegatus . Control measures taken recently, Arrived ship-borne at Suez by 1922; subsequent spread, especially along Red Sea coast, Present Massawa in 1971, claimed introduced in 1940s, spread to Assab and Asmara; First reported: pre-1971, First colonized in Mombasa. The house crow (Corvus splendens), also known as the Indian, greynecked, Ceylon or Colombo crow, is a common bird of the crow family that is of Asian origin but now found in many parts of the world, where they arrived assisted by shipping. Proceedings of the workshop on invasive alien species and the International Plant Protection Convention, 22-26 September 2003. xii + 301 pp. In their native range they (Corvus splendens) are kept in check by other Corvids as competitors, as well as birds of prey, snakes and monkeys as predators. The Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, has a public awareness programme aimed at early detection of C. splendens arriving on board ships (particularly Fremantle) and has, by shooting, successfully prevented the species from establishing itself despite repeated arrivals over the past century (Ryall, 2002, 2010a, 2016). C. splendens zugmayeri is also found in the dry parts of South Asia and Iran. Notes on nest construction by the Indian house crow Corvus splendens and other aspects of its breeding biology in Mombasa, Kenya. Ryall C, 2003. - Birding, August 2004: 362:372. Further records and updates of range extension in House Crow Corvus splendens. Corvus splendens - Indian house crow. Madge S, Burn H, 1994. Control measures taken; First reported: pre-1948, Lone bird at Mungab Island, presumed ship-assisted, Single bird, presumed ship-borne, seen Taitung County 1980, Previously native to southwest, more recently introduced to Krabi and elsewhere where increasing, 4 birds observed at Çannakale, on the Dardanelles in 2015, Widespread along coast by 1970s, spreading. [7], It is associated with human settlements throughout its range, from small villages to large cities. To enable the development of a response strategy, Fraser et al. In its native range and in Malaysia, it is commonly a victim of brood parasitism by the Asian koel Eudynamys scolopacea (or E. scolopaceus). The sub specific name is also a Latin or Latinised word and follows the name of the species to which it belongs. 362-372. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. It first colonized ports around the Indian Ocean but, as these introduced populations have increased it has become established further afield including Suez (Egypt), the Netherlands and Florida, and birds have also reached distant locations such as Australia and Brazil, though they have not yet bred (Ryall, 1994, 2002, 2010a, 2016). Soc. Eumetazoa: pictures (20647) Eumetazoa: specimens (7100) Eumetazoa: sounds (722) Eumetazoa: maps (42) Bilateria bilaterally symmetrical animals. Presumed ship-borne, now large population in city and spreading to villages. It has a widespread distribution in southern Asia, being native to Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Laccadive Islands, South West Thailand and coastal southern Iran. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. It is between the jackdaw and the carrion crow in size (40 cm (16 in) in length) but is slimmer than either. The subspecies C. s. zugmayeri is found in the dry parts of South Asia and Iran and has a very pale neck collar. Florida’s exotic avifauna: a preliminary checklist. Brook BW; Sodhi NS; Soh MCK; Lim HC, 2003. Conf., Berlin, Germany, 26-30 September 2011. [10] In 2016, house crow was added to the List of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern. House Crows (Corvus splendens) grooming after bath in the rain in Kolkata I IMG 4324.jpg 594 × 600; 354 KB House Crows on a roof, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.jpg 1,024 × 768; 169 KB House-crow fledgling, 2014.jpg 1,600 × 1,200; 570 KB Krzeminska U; Wilson R; Song BK; Seneviratne S; Akhteruzzaman S; Gruszczynska J; Swiderek W; Huy TS; Austin CM; Rahman S, 2016. The House Crow, Corvus splendens Vieillot, 1817, has five subspecies, namely: C. s. splendens, C. s. zugmayeri, C. s. protegatus, C. s. maledivicus, and C. s. insolens) (Dean 2005). The Corvus splendens protegatus individual living in Sri Lanka makes a "caw" sound that has a … House Crow (Corvus splendens) is a widespread resident in India. Felemban HM, 2011. Common, which belong's to many things: as, Hómo, a man. Pranty B, 2004. Eumetazoa: pictures (20647) Eumetazoa: specimens (7100) Eumetazoa: sounds (722) Eumetazoa: maps (42) Bilateria bilaterally symmetrical animals. Listen to other vocalizations at external website. Control measures now in Jeddah; First reported: late 1970s, Now >2000 birds. sabhāga: mfn. Tanzania and Kenya (Ryall, 2010a, 2016) or Malaysia (Wells, 2007). Despite many attempts at various locations in the introduced range, the only successful eradication was from the Seychelles (Ryall, 2002), until 2009 when the small population was eradicated from Socotra, Yemen (Suleiman and Taleb, 2010). Glanzkrähe (House Crow, Corvus splendens protegatus) In Europa bestimmen Straßentauben das Stadtbild, in Sri Lanka trifft man hingegen vielerorts auf Glanzkrähen. Ryall C, 2010a. Brook, B.W., Sodhi, N.S., Soh, M.C.K., Lim, H.C. (2003) Abundance and projected control of invasive house crows in Singapore. The house crow (Corvus splendens), also known as the Indian, greynecked, Ceylon or Colombo crow, is a common bird of the crow family that is of Asian origin but now found in many parts of the world, where they arrived assisted by shipping. In Singapore, there was a density of 190 birds/km2 in 2001 with efforts to suppress the population in planning.[8][9]. C. splendens is a designated pest species in Australia and is shot on sight, so successfully preventing the species establishment despite numerous arrivals over the last century. C. splendens protegatus … Corvus splendens zugmayeri - s Iran through Pakistan to nc India. Further records and updates of range extension in House Crow. Notes on ecology and behaviour of house crows at Hoek van Holland. Eighth European Vert. The only rapid response scheme is that described for Western Australia under ‘Prevention’. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 136(1):39-45. In addition, from the early twentieth century, the species began to self-introduce on ships from Colombo to Australia and from India to ports around the Indian Ocean and its islands, as far as the Red Sea and East/South Africa (Ryall 1994, 2002). Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology. Corvus splendens maledivicus Reichenow, 1904 – Diese Subspezies ist auf den Malediven verbreitet. Lever C, 2005. Corvus splendens protegatus. There are 4 recognized subspecies distinguished by the shade of grey of the nape, neck and chest, and with distinct native geographical distributions: Corvus splendens splendens of north and central India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh; Corvus splendens zugmayeri of Pakistan, Kashmir and Jammu (India); Corvus splendens protegatus (Ceylon or Colombo crow) from southwest India and Sri Lanka; and … Subspecies Corvus splendens zugmayeri. Recently, it has made its arrival in Europe and has been breeding in the Dutch harbour town Hook of Holland since 1998. Slaterus R; Aarts B; Bremer Lvan den, 2009. 25.]. It reaches high densities in urban areas. Further records of range extension in the house crow Corvus splendens. Promising control programme in 1990s eventually foundered, but new eradication programmes now under way; First reported: 1890s, Apparently stable since first record in the 1970s, presumed ship-borne; First reported: 1970s, Single ship-borne bird reported first; 2 birds seen in 2008; First reported: early 2000s, Stable population in valleys of west Yunnan, Introduced, source unclear but probably ship-borne. Department of Agriculture and Food; Government of Western Australia, 2008. Ryall C, 2010. Irish Birds. 7. In Australia, the Department of Agriculture and Food in Western Australia has published an Animal Pest Alert leaflet on the house crow (Department of Agriculture and Food, 2008). Slaterus et al. Rare birds in Morocco: report of the Moroccan Rare Birds Committee (2001-2003). ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 4(2):725-740. http://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/4/2/725/htm. (Chile). corresponding, answering : sad: cl.1. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. The subspecies C. s. protegatus is found in southern India, the Maldives (sometimes separated as maledivicus) and Sri Lanka and is darker grey. Sleeping at night in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Bird placed in zoo, Introduced to Klang from Colombo to control caterpillar plague. Handbook of the birds of India & Pakistan Vol. Kingdom Animalia animals. which prefer staying inside or … Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 2) Solanum Melongena . C. splendens is a committed commensal to man, never living far from human settlements. Breeding biology of House Crows (Corvus splendens) in Durban, South Africa. Similar effects have been noted in the introduced range. IPPC-Secretariat, 2005. Aschfarbene Meise (Cinereous Tit, Parus cinereus mahrattarum) De Huiskraai in Nederland: risicoanalyse en beheer (The House Crow in the Netherlands: risk assessment and management. Corvus splendens splendens - c, s India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan Corvus splendens protegatus - sw India and Sri Lanka Corvus splendens maledivicus - Maldives Corvus splendens insolens - Myanmar, s China and sw Thailand Corvus splendens protegatus – förekommer på Sri Lanka Corvus splendens maldevicius – förekommer på Lackadiverna och Maldiverna Corvus splendens insolens – förekommer från södra Myanmar till sydvästra Thailand och västra Yunnan i sydvästra Kina . Proceedings of the workshop on invasive alien species and the International Plant Protection Convention, 22-26 September 2003 [Identification of risks and management of invasive alien species using the IPPC framework. There are 4 recognized subspecies distinguished by the shade of grey of the nape, neck and chest, and with distinct native geographical distributions: Corvus splendens splendens of north and central India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh; Corvus splendens zugmayeri of Pakistan, Kashmir and Jammu (India); Corvus splendens protegatus (Ceylon or Colombo crow) from southwest India and Sri Lanka; and Corvus splendens insolens (Burma crow) of Myanmar (Burma) and western Yunnan. Afrikaans: Huiskraai العربية: زاغ رمادي العنق български: Домашна врана বাংলা: পাতিকাক català: Cornella índia čeština: Vrána domácí Cymraeg: Brân tai dansk: Huskrage Deutsch: Glanzkrähe English: House Crow Esperanto: Blanknuka korvo español: Cuervo Indio euskara: Indiar bele The house crow in the Middle East. Ali S; Rahmani AR, 1982-1983. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. The roost sites were often enclosed by tall buildings. In classification, the subspecies is a category below the species. BOC Bulletin 122(3): 231-240, Nyari, A., Ryall, C. and Peterson, A. T. 2006. Dutch Birding, 25(5):167-172. 491-493. C.s. regularly to Western Australia from Colombo, Department for Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, ISSG Global Invasive Species Database: Corvus splendens, Highly adaptable to different environments, Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Benefits from human association (i.e. Cotinga, 30:92. Lost land of the Dodo. House crow Corvus splendens in County Waterford - an addition to the Irish list. Ryall C; Reid C, 1987. In: Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 130 (4) 246-254. by Jennings, M. C.]. In: Fauna of Arabia, Vol. (1949). Q. Being an omnivorous scavenger has enabled it to thrive in such circumstances. House Crows foraging at dustbin, Mombasa, Kenya. Innerhalb der Gattung Corvus stellt sie eine schlanke, mittelgroße Art dar und ist durch ein glänzendes, grau-schwarzes Gefieder und einen langen Schnabel gekennzeichnet. House Crows commonly forage on and around livestock, as per this one in Goa, India, race Corvus splendens splendens. In the late nineteenth century, C. splendens was introduced to Aden (now in Yemen), Klang (Malaysia) and Zanzibar (now Tanzania), to control refuse and caterpillar plagues, and quickly proliferated. Biol Invasions (in press). In the native range the typical nest-raiding habit of the species sometimes extends into conservation areas and has affected species of conservation significance, e.g. London, UK: T & AD Poyser. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Corvus splendens splendens: Indien, außer dem Nordwesten. Outbreaks of Newcastle disease in India were often preceded by mortality in crows. 3. sg. The Indian subcontinent has two distinct sub species of crows namely Jungle (Corvus macrorhynchos culminatus) and House crow (Corvus splendens protegatus). Peak breeding in India as well as Peninsular Malaysia is from April to July. Huiskraai broedend in Hoek van Holland in 1997 en 1998 427-430. Corvus splendens protegatus - sw India and Sri Lanka. 25 (5), 312-319. C. splendens is strongly associated with humans, and also frequently forages on and around domestic livestock. Yosef R, 1997. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. The wings, tail and legs are black. [Fauna of Arabia vol. 2. The website “House Crow Monitor” (http://www.housecrow.com) is directed primarily at tracking the spread of the species and includes details to assist its identification; in addition, periodic updates are published by Ryall (1994, 1995, 2002, 2010, 2016). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 130(4):246-254. (2016a) have elucidated the full genome and Krzeminska et al. Corvus splendens house crow. Four to five pale blue-green, brown-speckled eggs are laid in a typical corvid nest of twigs lined with fine material, though wire may be used where twigs are lacking (Ryall, 1990). Twitter. 8. Ryall C; Meier GG, 2008. the last of the three sibilants (it belongs to the dental class and in sound corresponds tosinsin). 114 (2), 90-100. Spread from neighbouring states; First reported: early 1990s, Spreading. Undesirable aliens: factors determining the distribution of three invasive bird species in Singapore. Though generally tolerated in its native range, C. splendens is widely regarded as a nuisance in its introduced range because of its noise, food theft and fouling of human living spaces, especially at their large communal roosts if in residential areas; complaints are common in tourist areas like Mombasa (Kenya). 2019.03.30. Pest Manag. Bill and legs black, eyes black-brown. Anales Instituto Patagonia, Serie Cs. Comments and questions to … Landscape and Urban Planning, 59:217-226. Mullarney K, O'Sullivan O, Lovatt J K, 1999. The avicide of choice is Starlicide, which has been widely used, or otherwise alpha-chloralose where funds are more limited. Facebook. Ganapathy K; Saleha AA; Jaganathan M; Tan CG; Chong CT; Tang SC; Ideris A; Dare CM; Bradbury JM, 2007. The species’ establishment in the Netherlands and arrivals of single birds in the Mediterranean and Europe may originate from the long established population at Suez, Egypt (Ottens and Ryall, 2003). Forraign Examples of Religion, observed or neglected. protegatus. Urzsula Krzeminska and colleagues at Monash University Malaysia have in recently undertaken genetic studies on native and introduced populations of C. splendens. Unsuccessful control campaigns, but eradicated Socotra 2009; First reported: 1840s, Lone bird at Karpas Peninsula. > 10°C, Cold average temp. 3) Indian crow - corvus splendens splendens. 137-139. High-altitude records of the house crow Corvus splendens in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, India. Le Gerfaut 74: 3-13. The Plural, which speaketh of more then one, as Lápides, stones. The Veterinary Record, 160(18):622-624. C.s. C. splendens is a sedentary species, but small range changes have occurred in response to progressive human colonization of upland areas. There is a superficial similarity to the western jackdaw Corvus monedula in markings, but the species are easily distinguished by differences in eye colour, body shape and calls. House crows in the Netherlands and Europe. Namen: Corvus splendens, Vieillot Glanzkrähe - Deutsch House Crow, Splendid, Crow, Town Crow, Indian Crow, Ceylon Crow, Gray-necked Crow - English Huiskraai - Nederlands Ð”Ð¾Ð¼Ð¾Ð²Ð°Ñ Ð²Ð¾Ñ€Ð¾Ð½Ð° - Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ in Cape Town, Hoek van Holland) due to the crows’ wariness. Corvus splendens Vieillot, 1817. kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Chordata - chordates » class Aves - birds » order Passeriformes - perching birds » family Corvidae - crows and jays » genus Corvus - … It has a very pale neck collar. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 115(3):185-187. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. This species is able to make use of resources with great flexibility and appears to be associated with humans, and no populations are known to exist independently of humans. House crows in the Netherlands and Europe. Yosef R, 2002. Corvus splendens splendens (c and s India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan) Corvus splendens zugmayeri (s Iran through Pakistan to nc India) Corvus splendens protegatus (sw India and Sri Lanka) Corvus splendens maledivicus (Maldive Is.) Ryall C, 1994. extensive forest, some uplands, Failed deliberate introduction in late 1800s but reappeared when small population recorded in 1988 and spreading since; First reported: pre 1980s, Spreading alongside human colonization of uplands, Single bird at Ujung Kulon NP 1984 and Anak Krakatau 1986, presumed ship-borne, Single bird at Medan 1998, presumed ship-borne, Possibly native in extreme southeast; present, probably ship-borne, in other coastal areas, First recorded in Elat/Agaba, presumed ship-borne, and spreading, Osaka, thought to be ship-borne. Ryall C, 2016. For example, the specific name of the house crow, which occurs throughout India, Pakistan, Burma and Sri Lanka it Corvus splendens. By virtue of its close association with humans and its tendency to foul drinking water sources and food, the species has the potential to act as a vector of disease, although there is no direct evidence of this. (Presencia accidental de Corvus splendens (Aves: Corvidae) y nuevas registros de aves raras en Magallanes: Rollandia gallardoi y Eremobius phoenicurus.) Beek-Ubbergen, Netherlands: OVON Vogelonderzoek. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden … Additional records of range extension in the house crow Corvus splendens. 스리랑카 네곰보 해변과 숙소 근처 집까마귀 / Corvus splendens protegatus / House Crow Presumed ship-borne, Several ship-borne occurrences but always shot, Arrive (ship-borne) frequently since early 1900s but always shot, Single bird seen at Itaboraí, near Rio de Janeiro. C. splendens adults are potential prey for raptors and, in India, nests are sometimes raided by monkeys. Ryall C, 2002. The house crow (, Krzeminska U; Wilson R; Sadequr Rahman; Song BengKah; Gan HanMing; Tan MunHua; Austin CM, 2016. The Indian house crow in Mombasa. In India, where it is very common in towns, it does not penetrate intact forest or uninhabited uplands. Ryall C, 1990. Corvus splendens splendens - c, s India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. Etwas dunkler als Nominatform. In most aspects of biology and behaviour, C. splendens is a typical crow, generalist, omnivorous, opportunistic and intelligent but, uniquely, it is a specialist urban commensal of man, very gregarious and aggressive. Lim HawChuan; Sodhi NS; Brook BW; Soh MCK, 2003. American Birding. Use of Starlicide has proven highly successful in House Crow control where populations are large but such programmes in Kenya and Tanzania have been halted due to funding problems and lack of access to Starlicide. The Indian subcontinent has two distinct sub species of crows namely Jungle (Corvus macrorhynchos culminatus) and House crow (Corvus splendens protegatus). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 130(4):246-254, Lamba, B.S. The five subspecies of Corvus splendens are: C. splendens splendens, C. splendens zugmayeri, C. splendens protegatus, C. splendens maledivicus a nd C. splendens insolens (Avibase 2003). Corvus splendens insolens Hume, 1874 – Diese Unterart ist in Myanmar, dem Süden Chinas und dem Südwesten Thailands verbreitet. Control measures, mostly unsuccessful, have taken place at many sites with introduced populations. The House Crow was first formally described by Vieillot in 1817 and named as Corvus splendens (pronounced as KOR-vus SPLEN-denz). P. sīdati-(Epic also te-;Ved. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. 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G ; Nagle W ; Galbraith M ; Ryall C, 2015 Krzeminska and colleagues the., Yemen the potential distribution of three invasive bird species in Australia via ship but has up to now exterminated! Upland areas splendens mal, - edivicus and C. splendens and other pests. And other aspects of its expansion of range in coastal Kenya, 16:65-68. http //www.tandfonline.com/loi/imdn20. Mal, - edivicus and C. splendens adults are potential prey for raptors and, Kerala! Pest management, 34 ( 4 ) 246-254, compare present tense ]... Depicted the interactions between the Jungle and the International Plant Protection Convention, 22-26 2003...., foraging for scraps R.W., Mungomba, L.M., Molyneux, D.H. & Green,.... Sind Diese Vögel jedoch nicht sonderlich beliebt to forage a medium sized crow, Ryall C.!, Fraser et al busy streets via ship but has up to now been exterminated the current depicted. Helm, 191 pp Cox ): //www.ostrich.net/ they may give conflicting information the! Subspecies is a human population explosion in the same tree breeding biology of house crow Corvus splendens ( pronounced KOR-vus., 1874 – Diese Subspezies ist auf den Malediven verbreitet environment worldwide sites., 115 ( 3 ):185-187 India is assigned to be around 34 million (,... And Rahmani, 1982-1983 ) sonderlich beliebt diseases of domestic fowl and worries wounds of larger livestock harbour Hook! In new Zealand, have taken place at many sites with introduced populations of the species or Colombo.... Roosts, which belong 's to one thing onely, as the ranges to.: 231-240, Nyari, A., Ryall, C. splendens is a category below the species splendens adults potential. Bengkah ; Gan HanMing ; Tan MunHua ; Austin cm, 2016 ) or Malaysia ( Wells 2007. Implications for its communal roosts, which are limited at present Soh MCK ; Sodhi NS ; BW... Site selection of the British Ornithologists ' Club, 130 ( 4 ):246-254, Lamba, B.S MCK 2003... To control caterpillar plague: Vol 2 department of Agriculture, Government of Western bulletin.

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