The campaign began in response to the fraudulent presidential elections and the campaigners demanded new, fair, and fraud-free elections. Although Yanukovych challenged the validity of the results, Yushchenko was inaugurated on January 23, 2005. President Kuchma had ordered 10,000 troops, stationed outside Kiev, to attack the demonstrators, but the Ukrainian intelligence services defied Kuchma's orders and prevented the attack. When a proposed coalition of the so-called Orange parties in the parliament fell apart, Yushchenko was forced to accept his rival Yanukovych as prime minister. Kiev, and other cities in the Central and Western regions of the country. In this rendition of Ukrainian history, the 2004 Orange revolution was the first attempt of the Ukrainian people to assert their sovereignty and pro-western leanings. On January 22 two protesters were killed in skirmishes with police, and demonstrations soon spread to eastern Ukraine, a region that traditionally had supported Yanukovych and closer ties with Russia. Protestors clad in orange, Yushchenko’s campaign colour, took to the streets, and the country endured nearly two weeks of demonstrations. After negotiations that lasted until December 8, Yanukovych and Kuchma agreed to a new run-off vote, when Yuschenko and the parliament agreed to measures that would limit the future president’s power. Parliamentary elections, at first scheduled for December, later were canceled, and Yushchenko’s and Tymoshenko’s parties agreed to form a new coalition, together with the smaller Lytvyn Bloc, headed by Volodymyr Lytvyn. This campaign was influenced by the democracy campaign in Serbia in 2000 (see “Serbians overthrow Milosevic (Bulldozer Revolution), 2000”) and the Rose Revolution in Georgia (see “Georgians overthrow a dictator (Rose Revolution), 2003”). But U.S. policymakers were on high alert in November … 2014 February - Maidan Revolution ousts pro-Kremlin government over … Dual sovereignty and parallel government, 147. Deliberate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agents, 122. Furthermore, on November 24, the Central Election Commission announced Yanukovych as the winner, sparking even greater anger from the pro-Yushchenko groups. The election was held in a highly charged political atmosphere, with allegations of media bias, voter intimidationand a poisoning o… The end of November is when the Orange Revolution started in 2004 and the Revolution of Dignity in 2013. Vladimir Putin. The results of the second round were protested by the opposition in connection with massive falsifications. More and more Ukrainians joined the protests every day. The 2004 elections and Orange Revolution A lot happened in Ukraine in the decade that followed. Foreign government leaders supported negotiations and provide monetary support for the campaigners. Ukraine: A History, 4th ed. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Yushchenko, in a largely symbolic act, entered parliament and took the presidential oath. These changes are sometimes erroneously referred to as the "2004 Constitution". Yushchenko—running on an anticorruption, anticronyism platform—emerged as the leading opposition candidate, but his campaign was prevented from visiting Yanukovych’s stronghold of Donetsk and other eastern cities. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Literature and speeches advocating resistance, Opponent, Opponent Responses, and Violence, Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International. The Global Nonviolent Action Database is a project of Swarthmore College, including the Peace and Conflict Studies Program, the Peace Collection, and the Lang Center for Civic and Social Responsibility. When Ukraine cohosted the UEFA European Championship football (soccer) tournament in summer 2012, a number of EU countries registered their concern for Tymoshenko by boycotting the event. Several other cities also refused to recognize the results of the election, believing Yushchenko to be the true winner. Rose Revolution, Georgia, 2003. The next prime minister, Yury Yekhanurov, stayed in office only until January 2006. The joining order of groups and elites is not known. Today, the country appears to be on the front lines of a renewed great-power rivalry that many analysts say will dominate international relations in the decades ahead. In the 2004 Ukrainian elections the opposition maintained a strategy of non-violence over the longest protest period of 17 days but was prepared to use force if it had been attacked. The Global Nonviolent Action Database is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license unless otherwise noted. In September Yushchenko’s health began to fail, and medical tests later revealed he had suffered dioxin poisoning (allegedly carried out by the Ukrainian State Security Service), which left his face disfigured. Yanukovych’s supporters in the east threatened to secede from Ukraine if the results were annulled. In October the president dissolved parliament. In 2004, observers from around the world monitored the elections in order to prevent fraud round were protested the., stayed in office only until January 2006 even greater anger from the pro-Yushchenko groups president, Leonid,! 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