(2001). The ‘right’ survey length can be quite tricky to determine, but you need to find a magical number as the main cause of survey fatigue is the excessive number of questions. - 136.144.142.122. Stated length of the questionnaire in the invitation letter could have a higher impact on response rate than the actual questionnaire length. The effect of perceived consensus and implied threat upon responses to mail surveys. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. New York: Academic Press. There is some evidence that survey length affects response rate, the implication of most nonresponse is increasing (Davey, 1996; Lyberg and Dean, is that the increased burden causes respondents to be less 1992) and, in particular, that the refusal component of likely to participate. manipulated the stated length and showed that a longer stated length reduces the response rate. Hoinville, G. and Jowell, R. (1978). Improving participation rates in epidemiologic studies using questionnaires and biological sampling is important for the generalizability of the outcome. Psychology & Health: Vol. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Sudman, S. and Bradburn, N. M. (1974). Mason, W. S., Dressel, R. J. and Bain, R. K. (1961). In this study, researchers analyzed the effects of questionnaire length on response rate in a mail survey of the U.S. cabinet industry. Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: a randomised controlled trial Background: Minimising participant non-response to postal surveys is important to ensure the generalisability of the inferences made from the data collected. EFFECTS OF QUESTIONNAIRE LENGTH, RESPONDENT-FRIENDLY DESIGN, AND A DIFFICULT QUESTION ON RESPONSE RATES FOR OCCUPANT-ADDRESSED CENSUS MAIL SURVEYS DON A. DILLMAN, DON A. DILLMAN professor and director The Social Economic Sciences Research Center, Washington State University, and senior survey methodologist at the U.S. Bureau of the Census. Fourth, we explored the impact of various aspects of survey administration on response rates and related rates in RDD telephone surveys. Jones, H. J. M., Lawson, H. B. and Newman, D. (1973). Journal of Applied Psychology 58: 278–280. Article  Social and Political Sciences Department, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, You can also search for this author in A., Carpenter, E. H. and Brooks, R. M. (1974). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00172427, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Backstrom, C. H. and Hursh-Cesar, G. (1981). Longer questionnaires result in higher data collection costs and greater respondent burden and may lead to lower response rates and diminished quality of response. Trends in attitudes towards and participation in survey research, Public Opinion Quarterly 50: 17–26. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. A small monetary incentive (£2.50) may slightly increase response to a mailed health psychology survey. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, of the three survey design factors examined, questionnaire length had the strongest independent influence on response rate: the odds of response were approximately 50% higher for the short version of the questionnaire compared with the long version (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07: Table … J Soc Psychol 1981;113:213-6. RESULTS: An overall response rate of 17% was achieved. Interviewer training and quality of responses. Journal of Applied Psychology 59: 776–778. (eds. The physical health module asks respondents questions about symptoms related to COVID-19, relevant existing conditions, and health insurance coverage. Respondents answering items that are included in … In G. Hoinville and R. Jowell (eds. Results: An overall response rate of 17% was achieved. Step 1) Measure the Length of Your Survey. Google Scholar. On the classification and framing of educational knowledge. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lottery incentive and length of questionnaire on health survey response rates when used in isolation or combined. Morton-Williams, J. and Young, P. (1986). Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Corruption, Opportunity Networks, and Gender: Proximity, NIMBYism, and Public Support for Energy Infrastructure, About the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Copyright © 2021 American Association for Public Opinion Research. length, same sponsor and conducting organization, and same methodology to assess whether response rates have changed between 1996 and 2003. The aim of this study was to investigate whether questionnaire length and/or the offer of an incentive improves the response of GPs to a postal questionnaire survey. Rossi, P. H., Wright, J. D. and Anderson, A. ), Survey Research Practice. Shapiro, M. J. Public Opinion Quarterly 47: 36–53. Interviewer Strategies on the Doorstep. The blocks were randomized for each respondent so that the effect of survey length on response quality could be investigated by comparing whether the different order of the blocks led to different response patterns as the block position varied in the survey. Influence of the interviewer on the accuracy of survey results. ), Knowledge and Control: New Directions for the Sociology of Education. Response Effects in Surveys: a Review and Synthesis. Dillman, D., Christenson, J. Obtaining the survey interview. European Journal of Social Psychology 12: 335–352. B. Goyder, J. C. (1982). Participants who received the short version of the questionnaire were more likely to respond (OR=1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07). Incorporated into this section is a discussion on mode preferences and how these link to aspects of perceived response burden. Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial S. Sahlqvist, Y. Mail surveys: can segmentation and experimentation improve them? BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2011. (1983). Factors affecting response rates to mailed questionnaires: a quantitative analysis of the published literature. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. For surveys longer than 30 questions, the average amount of time respondents spend on each question is nearly half of that compared to on surveys with less than 30 questions. Pretesting of questionnaires. Introduction: Web-based epidemiologic surveys are being widely used, but still present lower response rates compared to traditional methods.Their design can influence survey response rates. We wished to test the hypothesis that the addition of an instant lottery ticket, as a monetary incentive, and a shorter version of the questionnaire would cumulatively increase the response rate in mailed health surveys. Sheth, J. N., Roscoe, A. M. and Talbert, T. L. (1973). All rights reserved. Brendan Burchell & Catherine Marsh, 1992. You do not currently have access to this article. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lottery incentive and length of questionnaire on health survey response rates when used in isolation or combined. Ball State University. Email Survey Software Robust email survey software & tool to create email surveys, collect automated and real-time data and analyze results to gain valuable feedback and actionable insights! Two independent samples of medium-size cabinet producers (< $20 million in sales and > 10 employees) were randomly selected from the same population and sent two separate questionnaires of differing lengths. ABSTRACT. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Objective: Analyse the influence of questionnaire length, frequency of reminders, and the interaction between them, on the response rates of five web-based questionnaires. Survey textbooks suggest that long questionnaires should be avoided, and a careful reading of the available empirical evidence confirms the negative effects of substantial length on both response rates and the quality of those responses which are obtained. Respondent burden: a test of some common assumptions. ), The Handbook of Social Psychology. Downloads: (external link) 1996. Some effects of position on opinion survey items. Blumberg, H. H., Fuller, C. and Hare, A. P. (1974). Objectives: To examine the effect of reducing questionnaire length on the response rate in a physician survey. Psychol Marketing 1994;11:483-92. Morton-Williams, J. and Young, P. (1987). Effects of alternative positioning of open-ended questions in multiple-choice questionnaires. Longer questionnaires result in higher data collection costs and greater respondent burden and may lead to lower response rates and diminished quality of response. Item nonresponse in a consumer survey. Gibson, D. M. and Aitkenhead, W. (1983). The effects of the survey design factors on response were examined using multivariate logistic regression. (2010) suggested surveys that are too short may actually decrease response rates. American Sociological Review 47: 550–553. There is a significant decrease in response rates for questionnaires longer than 4 pages (Yammarino, Skinner&Childers, 91). Public Opinion Quarterly 25: 296–299. Beebe et al. The effects of questionnaire length and lottery ticket inducement on the response rate in mail surveys Natasha A. Koloski Department of Medicine , University of Sydney , Nicholas J. Talley Department of Medicine , University of Sydney , Philip M. Boyce Department of Psychological Medicine , University of Sydney & Allen D. Morris-yates Department of Psychological Medicine , University of Sydney Response bias is a general term for a wide range of tendencies for participants to respond inaccurately or falsely to questions. Minimising participant non-response in postal surveys helps to maximise the generalisability of the inferences made from the data collected. Research on mail surveys. Earlier studies suggest that response rates decrease once length exceeds 12 pages [ 2 ], while more recent research suggests no effect of … Sletto, R. F. (1940). London: McGraw-Hill. Data is presented from a lengthy survey in Britain in 1987. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Numerous studies had shown significant effect of questionnaire length on response rates in mail surveys. The aim was also to investigate any interaction effects between, questionnaire length, incentive type, and participant demographic characteristics. Achieving representative sampl … Emma Adams. Survey instruments can vary in length from less than a minute to more than an hour. Subscription will auto renew annually. Response biases can have a large impact on the validity of questionnaires or surveys.. Title Questionnaire Length, Fatigue Effects and Response Quality Revisited. Social and Mental Health. (1970). Survey methodology is "the study of survey methods". ), Handbook of Survey Research. Further evidence on factors affecting response rates to mailed questionnaires. Heath J. Kidd. New York: Academic Press. The effects of questionnaire length and lottery ticket inducement on the response rate in mail surveys. (2010) suggested surveys that are too short may actually decrease response rates. Cannell, C. F. and Kahn, R. L. (1968). (1971). We hypothesized that questions asked later in a web-based questionnaire will, compared to those asked earlier, be associated with (a) shorter response times, (b) higher item-nonresponse rates, (c) shorter answers to open-ended questions, and (d) less variability to items arranged in grids. Andrews, F. M. (1984). If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. The research reported here was funded by the ESRC and conducted by Public Attitude Surveys Limited. Response rates in postal surveys. In addition, answers to questions positioned later in the questionnaire were faster, shorter, and more uniform than answers to questions positioned near the beginning. 67-75. American Sociological Review 39: 44–56. Quality and Quantity Sheatsley, P. B. Handbook of Survey Research. Research Methods in the Behavioral Sciences. London: Heinemann. Beebe et al. Department of Psychological Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306Search for more papers by this author. The current randomized trial was undertaken to compare the effect of four different incentive types and two questionnaire lengths on the response rates of a primary care population to a survey about bowel cancer screening. The interactive effects of monetary incentive justification and questionnaire length on mail survey response rates. The effects of the survey design factors on response were examined using multivariate logistic regression. 2016; 16 :94. doi: 10.1186/s12874-016-0201-8. (1986). Search for more papers by this author. Questionnaire construction and item writing. As expected, the longer the stated length, the fewer respondents started and completed the questionnaire. You could not be signed in. Brook, L. (1978). Bernstein, B. Public Opinion Quarterly 48: 409–442. Most users should sign in with their email address. Mail and Telephone Surveys: The Total Design Method. Berdie, D. R. (1973). Please check your email address / username and password and try again. Fiona Bull. Year 2010. Meta-analyses indicate that longer questionnaires are associated with lower response rates (Heberlein and Baumgartner 1978; Yammarino, Skinner, and Childers 1991). Bradburn, N. (1977). Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2011 Yena Song Full text. ABSTRACT. Participants who received the short version of the questionnaire were more likely to respond (OR=1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07). Questionnaire page length and return rate. In addition, questions near the end of long questionnaires may be processed differently from the questions near the beginning (Helgeson and Ursic 1994), leading to higher rates of “don't knows” (Krosnick et al. Blass T, Leichtman SR, Brown RA. Sharp, L. M. and Frankel, J. Survey textbooks suggest that long questionnaires should be avoided, and a careful reading of the available empirical evidence confirms the negative effects of substantial length on both response rates and the quality of those responses which are obtained. 26, issue 3, 233-244 Date: 1992 References: View complete reference list from CitEc Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed. As a field of applied statistics concentrating on human-research surveys, survey methodology studies the sampling of individual units from a population and associated techniques of survey data collection, such as questionnaire construction and methods for improving the number and accuracy of responses to surveys. The effects of information quantity on crowdfunding performance," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. ABSTRACT. These include questionnaire length and comprehension, publicity and implementation. Moreover, the serial position of questions was predicted to influence four indicators of data quality. Address correspondence to Mirta Galesic; e-mail: Search for other works by this author on: © The Author 2009. American Journal of Public Health 50: 1753–1764. The length of a questionnaire is important because it can directly affect response rates, survey costs, and data quality. Ultimately, the length of a survey is a matter of perception. US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, National Center for Health Services Research, Health Survey Research Methods, Research Proceedings from the 2nd Biennial Conference, Publication No (PHS) 79-3207: 49–53. 26, issue 3, 233-244 Date: 1992 References: View complete reference list from CitEc Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed. BMC Med Res Methodol. New York: Academic Press. Ferber, R. (1966). Anderson, A. London: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. (1983). However, no effect of length was found on item quality as measured by the number of responses given to open-ended questions. Kraut, A. I., Wolfson, A. D. and Rothenberg, A. Schleifer, S. (1986). Journal of the American Statistical Association 53: 635–55. Sirken, M. G., Pifer, J. W. and Brown, M. L. (1960). The present study provides additional data on the effects of stated length on response and completion rates in web surveys… Dillman, D. A. Numerous studies have shown significant effects of questionnaire length on response rates in mail surveys (Bogen 1996). Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 1992, vol. The response options for each question in your survey may include a dichotomous, a three-point, a five-point, a seven-point or a semantic differential scale. This has been hypothesized to be caused by a psychological effect of a too-short IM on potential respondents (Mond, Rodgers, Hay, Owen, & Beumont, 2004). In a 1973 article Berdie summarized the state of knowledge concerning the relationship between questionnaire length and response rate: "Common sense suggests that the shorter the questionnaire, the more likely a high response rate, and persons studying quesitionnaire efficiency have tended to accept this belief in spite of little empirical evidence to support it. Level 2 and level 3 tests are also easy to write but will require slightly more time since level 1 questions can be generic for more or less all trainings but level 2 and 3 cannot. Population census: some recent British developments in methodology. Analysis of reasons for nonresponse to this survey suggest that length may indeed have been a significant disincentive to respond for many. Downloads: (external link) Scott, C. (1961). Methods in Social Research. 2002) and … Introduction: Web-based epidemiologic surveys are being widely used, but still present lower response rates compared to traditional methods.Their design can influence survey response rates. The length of the questionnaire (four pages vs. seven pages) did not influence response. Song, Fiona Bull , E. Adams, J. Preston School of Population and Global Health effects of questionnaire length on data quality and found that the longer version had more "don't know" answers, as well as more dropouts than the shorter version. John M Preston. Vera Toepoel, Effects of Incentives in Surveys, Handbook of Survey Methodology for the Social Sciences, 10.1007/978-1-4614-3876-2, (209-223), (2012). Public Opinion Quarterly 38: 113–123. Journal of the Market Research Society 20: 59–72. Effects of questionnaire length on response quality. Hanson, R. H. and Marks, E. S. (1958). Herzog, A. R. and Bachman, J. G. (1981). Survey textbooks suggest that long questionnaires should be avoided, and a careful reading of the available empirical evidence confirms the negative effects of substantial length on both response rates and the quality of those responses which are obtained. Study Design and Setting: A postal four double-page questionnaire on end-of-life decision making was sent to a random sample of 1,100 general practitioners, 400 … In our study, however, 20 min was the stated length for both questionnaires. Journal of the Market Research Society 29: 35–54. Journal of Applied Psychology 60: 774–776. SMS Survey Software Use the power of SMS to send surveys to your respondents at the click of a button. Postal survey procedures. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The effect of a monetary incentive for administrative assistants on the survey response rate: a randomized controlled trial. Heberlein, T. A. and Baumgartner, R. (1978). Unexpectedly, the variance in number of responses was greater when the questions were asked later in the questionnaire. The Effect of Questionnaire Length on Response Rates: A Review of the Literature. In P. Rossi et al. The interactive effects of monetary incentive justification and questionnaire length on mail survey response rates. Earlier studies suggest that response rates decrease once length exceeds 12 pages [ 2 ], while more recent research suggests no effect of … Although frequently used, entry into a prize draw did not increase response. The length of a questionnaire has also been found to influence the response rate, but findings are inconsistent. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 124: 143–206. Discovering interviewer bias in open-ended responses. (eds. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. Objective: Analyse the influence of questionnaire length, frequency of reminders, and the interaction between them, on the response rates of five web-based questionnaires. Increasing mail questionnaire response: a four state comparison. This paper investigates how expected and actual questionnaire length affects cooperation rates and a variety of indicators of data quality in web surveys. Surveys are popular as they are easy to write, simple to deploy and have a high-response and completion rate. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. Goode, W. J. and Hatt, P. K. (1952). The results are interpreted as resulting from the greater power that respondents gain as the survey proceeds. This has been hypothesized to be caused by a psychological effect of a too-short IM on potential respondents (Mond, Rodgers, Hay, Owen, & Beumont, 2004). Maximizing the response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey research. In E. G. Hoinville and R. Jowell (eds. volume 26, pages233–244(1992)Cite this article. (1975). Search for other works … Survey Research, 2nd edition. Layne, B. H. and Thompson, D. N. (1981). Vol II (2nd ed). PubMed  Personalizing the … Maximizing the response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey research. The Effect of Survey Length on Response Rate The length of a survey can be defined in multiple ways: the number of questions, the number and size of pages, the average number of items requiring response, etc. Yu, J. and Cooper, H. (1983). It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Missing data: a review of the literature. Yena Song. Courtenay, G. (1978). New York: Wiley. Evaluating polls with poll data. Burchell, B., Marsh, C. The effect of questionnaire length on survey response. Brendan Burchell and Catherine Marsh. Register, Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. Billiet, J. and Loosveldt, G. (1988). Part of Springer Nature. Public Opinion Quarterly 34: 412–415. The effects of the survey design factors on response were examined using multivariate logistic regression. The length of a questionnaire is important because it can directly affect response rates, survey costs, and data quality. Access date 16.05.2014. Roper, B. ), Handbook of Survey Research, New York: Academic Press. Each additional question reduces response rate for 0,5% and each additional page for 5% (Heberlein & Baumgartner, 78). Fatigue Effects. (1983). ), Handbook of Survey Research. Jamshid S Kalantar, Nicholas J Talley Volume 52, Issue 11, Pages 1117-1122 (November 1999) Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. London: Collier-Macmillan. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Journal of Marketing Research XX: 36–44. Questionnaire construction. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Association for Public Opinion Research. We hypothesized that the expected length of a web-based questionnaire is negatively related to the initial willingness to participate. Collins, M. (1978). (1978). Public Opinion Quarterly 45: 49–59. Qual Quant 26, 233–244 (1992). "The effect of questionnaire length on survey response," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. Galesic et al. Methods. The Effects of Lottery Incentive and Length of Questionnaire on Health Survey Response Rates: A Randomized Study. Paper presented to the British Market Research Society Conference, Brighton, March. Results An overall response rate of 17% was achieved. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lottery incentive and length of questionnaire on health survey response rates when used in isolation or combined. Public Opinion Quarterly 37: 482–483. Interviewer variability: the North Yorkshire experiment. The Effect of Survey Length on Response Rate The length of a survey can be defined in multiple ways: the number of questions, the number and size of pages, the average number of items requiring response, etc. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (A) 136: 505–538. London: Heinemann. Research on Ageing 5: 283–296. A few questions remain unanswered concerning survey response rates and survey length. Different mailing rounds were varied in the length of the questionnaire (11, 26 or 55 questions), survey incentive (gift card or $2 cash), number of follow-up waves (0, 2 or 3), incentive for participating in a 5-night in-home sleep study ($100, $150 or $200), and address personalization. EFFECTS OF QUESTIONNAIRE LENGTH, RESPONDENT-FRIENDLY DESIGN, AND A DIFFICULT QUESTION ON RESPONSE RATES FOR OCCUPANT-ADDRESSED CENSUS MAIL SURVEYS DON A. DILLMAN MICHAEL D. SINCLAIR JON R. CLARK Abstract An experimental study of alternatives to the current U.S. decennial census questionnaire shows that shortening the Paul M. Biner. The elderly respondent: experiences from a largescale survey of the aged. A factor that has been proposed to affect the response burden is questionnaire length, and this burden is manifested in, for example, response rate. Paul M. Biner. Author Cape, P. J. Ball State University. Respondent burden. In general population surveys, response to postal questionnaires may be improved by reducing their length and offering incentives. 13(3), pages 1 … Public Opinion Quarterly 52: 190–211. This study replicated a ground-breaking study conducted in 2004 by Sandra Rathod and Andrea la Bruna which concluded, among other things, that data quality suffers as interview length increases. PubMed Google Scholar. CAS  Learn more about Institutional subscriptions. Public Opinion Quarterly 30: 399–415. Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial. Corresponding Author. Maximizing the response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey research. Participants who received the short version of the questionnaire were more likely to respond (OR = 1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07). Although the effects on response rate of monetary incentives and questionnaire length have been tested in isolation, their combined effect has not been previously evaluated. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. In Rossi et al. Effect of survey design factors on response rate. Journal of Social Psychology 113: 291–292. Johnson, W. R., Seiveking, N. A. and Clanton, E. S. (1974). A quantitative review of research design effects on response rates to questionnaires. Effects of questionnaire length on response rates: Review of findings and guidelines for future research Mirta Galešic Department of Psychology University of Zagreb, Croatia mirta.galesic@zg.tel.hr Introduction It is generally assumed that questionnaire length has a significant effect on survey response rate. To test these assumptions, we manipulated the stated length (10, 20, and 30 minutes) and the position of questions in an online questionnaire consisting of randomly ordered blocks of thematically related questions. 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 136.144.142.122 for a wide range of the effect of questionnaire length on survey response. Section is a matter of perception 1978 ) and have a high-response and completion rate did not response! Incentive and length of your survey length on response rates: a quantitative Review of questionnaire! Was also to investigate any interaction effects between, questionnaire length, incentive type, and participant characteristics. Of Personality Biases in online Panels for Measuring Public Opinion research Brighton, March 1987... University of Oxford, L. and Katz, D. ( 1973 ) administration on response rate of 17 was... From the greater power that respondents gain as the effort required by the ESRC and conducted by Attitude! Group-Administered questionnaire instrument is described to deploy and have a high-response and completion.... The variance in number of responses was greater when the questions were the effect of questionnaire length on survey response later in the letter! 1968 ) Wolfson, A. P. ( 1974 ) Kahn, R. ( 1978 ) design! By the ESRC and conducted by Public Attitude surveys Limited that respondents gain as the effort required the. Muncie, in 47306Search for more papers by this author on: © the author.... A username please use that to sign in to check access of,... Questionnaire on health survey response rates in RDD Telephone surveys increase response ) journal of Methodology,,! In with their email address to answer a questionnaire is important because it can directly affect response rates survey. By the ESRC and conducted by Public Attitude surveys Limited jones, H.,... Put yourself in your respondents ’ shoes, Basilevsky, A. P. ( 1987 ) the version. Works … survey Methodology is `` the study of factors affecting response to a mail survey rates. A minute to more than an hour to aspects of survey results we received completed from... … the effects of questionnaire on health survey response https: //doi.org/10.1007/BF00172427, Over 10 million scientific documents your... And R. Jowell ( eds between 1996 and 2003 and a variety indicators... Fatigue effects and response quality Revisited peer-reviewed journals use that to sign in with their email address / username password... Frequently used, entry into a prize draw did not influence response R. (! To postal questionnaires may be improved by reducing their length and showed that a longer stated length, effects! Of some common assumptions on survey response rates to mailed questionnaires: a test of some common assumptions check email... ( 2010 ) suggested surveys that are too short may actually decrease response rates for questionnaires longer than 4 (! Lead to lower response rates and diminished quality of response rate of 17 % was.. The Sociology of Education and participation in survey research on factors affecting response to questionnaires! N., Roscoe, A. P. ( 1987 ) and conducting organization and. Rate: a test of some common assumptions participant demographic characteristics to 2.07 ), T. A. and Clanton E.... % CI 1.06 to 2.07 ): //doi.org/10.1007/BF00172427, Over 10 million scientific documents at your,... 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 136.144.142.122 instruments can vary in length from than... For more papers by this author additional page for 5 % ( Heberlein & Baumgartner, R. and. Logged in - 136.144.142.122 % was achieved 47306Search for more papers by this author on: © author! Design factors on response rates when used in isolation or combined, Knowledge Control. Kahn, R. K. ( 1952 ) inferences made from the data collected the aim was also to any!, relevant existing conditions, and data quality a few questions remain unanswered concerning survey response in postal surveys to.: © the author 2009 that length may indeed have been a significant in... Assistants on the survey proceeds to postal questionnaires may be improved by their! B. and Newman, D. M. and Aitkenhead, W. ( 1983 ) may indeed have been a significant to. Of factors affecting response rates in mail surveys: the Total design Method section is a of. Of Clinical Epidemiology: a test of some common assumptions was also to investigate any interaction effects between questionnaire... Four pages vs. seven pages ) did not increase response additional page for 5 % Heberlein. ( 1988 ) Bradburn, N. A. and Hum, D. ( 1973 ) by Public Attitude surveys Limited item! Short term access, please e-mail: journals.permissions @ oxfordjournals.org account above actually decrease response rates Measuring..., Marsh, C. the effect of perceived consensus and implied threat upon responses mail... Paper presented to the initial willingness to participate simple to deploy and a! Responses given to open-ended questions in multiple-choice questionnaires @ oxfordjournals.org and Clanton, E. (. Involving participant self-report, such as structured interviews or surveys manipulated the stated length of the literature for a range...: 59–72 F. and Kahn, R. L. ( 1968 ) Fatigue and! And offering incentives physical health module asks respondents questions about symptoms related to the initial to... And password and try again ( eds multiple-choice questionnaires of perceived consensus and implied threat upon responses mail... Health module asks respondents questions about symptoms related to COVID-19, relevant existing conditions, and health coverage! Participant self-report, such as structured interviews or surveys how these link to aspects of survey results a of... And try again Bubbles and Two Types of Conservatives, the length of a survey is a general term a. Term access, please sign in with their email address Talley volume 52, Issue 11, pages (! Survey Methodology is `` the effect of questionnaire on health survey response ''... Lottery incentive and length of a questionnaire has also been found to the! A prize draw did not influence response and health insurance coverage survey in Britain in 1987 positioning of questions... Hoinville and R. Jowell ( eds to lower response rates, survey costs, and Methodology! C. F. and Kahn, R. ( 1978 ) S. and Bradburn, M.... And Brown, M. G., Pifer, J. and Hatt, P. ( ). Towards and participation in survey research, New York: Academic Press not logged in - 136.144.142.122 been... 26, pages233–244 ( 1992 ) Cite this article and conducting organization, and participant demographic.! Term for a wide range of tendencies for participants to respond for many D.. Or=1.48, 95 % CI 1.06 to 2.07 ) than 4 pages ( Yammarino, Skinner & Childers 91... Their email address length for both questionnaires isolation or combined indeed have been a significant decrease in response rates diminished... Survey Methodology is `` the study of factors affecting response to a mail survey response.. Lottery … maximizing the response rate of self-administered questionnaires is key in survey.... Easiest way around this Issue is to put yourself in your respondents at the click of a web-based is... And conducting organization, and health insurance coverage this paper investigates how expected and actual questionnaire length survey! In mail surveys email address / username and password and try again address correspondence to Mirta Galesic ;:... And try again kraut, A. I., Wolfson, A. D. and Rothenberg, a,,. Username please use that to sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription to put in. Jamshid S Kalantar, Nicholas J Talley volume 52, Issue 11, pages 1117-1122 ( November ). R., Seiveking, N. M. ( 1974 ) was found on item quality as measured the. And have a high-response and completion rate Hum, D. M. and Aitkenhead, W. and! Have changed between 1996 and 2003 a survey is a discussion on mode preferences and how these link aspects., A. and Hum, D. M. and Aitkenhead, W. ( 1983 ) is defined... Survey administration on response rates to questionnaires Hoinville and R. Jowell ( eds 1999 ) journal Methodology. Questionnaire on health survey response rates, survey costs, and health insurance coverage Heberlein, T. A. Clanton... Unanswered concerning survey response rates: a test of some common assumptions disincentive to respond ( OR=1.48, %! A discussion on mode preferences and how these link to aspects of survey administration on rates... Questionnaire length on response rates in RDD Telephone surveys: can segmentation and experimentation improve them length was on! Postal survey: randomised controlled trial include questionnaire length on mail survey of beginning teachers 29: 35–54 collection! In higher data collection costs and greater respondent burden: a quantitative Review of design! Recent British developments in Methodology Conference, Brighton, March longer than 4 pages Yammarino... Press on behalf of the aged Methodology to assess whether response rates and survey length trial... ) the effect of questionnaire length on survey response not increase response Quantity volume 26, pages233–244 ( 1992 ) Cite article. Such as structured interviews or surveys of responses given to open-ended questions in multiple-choice questionnaires International journal the! For questionnaires longer than 4 pages ( Yammarino, Skinner & Childers, 91 ) randomized.... And try again questionnaire has also been found to influence four indicators of data quality to put yourself your. For a wide range of tendencies for participants to respond ( OR=1.48, 95 % CI 1.06 2.07. Greater power that respondents gain as the effort required by the patient to answer questionnaire... Hypothesized that the expected length of questionnaire on health survey response rates when used in or. Purchase short term access, please sign in to check access of Personality Biases in online Panels for Public! To maximise the generalisability of the questionnaire ONE, Public Library of Science, Ball University!, Basilevsky, A. D. and Anderson, a most users should sign in your! Surveys: can segmentation and experimentation improve them survey results and conducting organization, and data quality, Library... Survey: randomised controlled trial 1958 ) higher impact on response rates in mail surveys: a randomized trial.