When you do it in the dormant season, it revitalizes and tree and focuses its energy. Wait until new growth is 3 inches long. Trees strive to balance their root mass and their leaf canopy. We want a strong, solid scaffold for our fruit trees, and this is achieved by careful detail pruning in winter for shape and structure. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "abe26ef9385578a847923e9ebf117762" );document.getElementById("f1d325c993").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. From Spring through late Summer, a deciduous tree is actively growing both leaves and branches  and its underground root structure to match. These will become your scaffold branches. Try not to remove your trees fruiting spurs on the main framework that you are planning on keeping, but don’t feel guilty for removing them on a poorly placed branch that you need to remove anyway. The principle is to avoid damaging the collar of the branch and to make a clean cut which doesn't tear the bark. A tree can’t grow more canopy than its root structure will support, but it will do whatever it must to balance the two. They are tip-bearing varieties, which, as the name suggests, produces fruit on the tips of the branches, rather than spurs. What sometimes mystifies people is the different types of buds on fruit trees; what is a fruit bud? The starting height of branches can differ depending on your needs. Step 2 Prune or pinch side shoots back to two or three buds from the base of the current season’s soft growth. Once shape has been established, they require little pruning. Heavy pruning stimulates lots of new growth but less fruit production. Please read 16/11/2016 by Rossy. Plums are pruned in early spring or mid-summer to avoid infection by silver leaf disease. Plum Tree Yields. Apples and pears are usually pruned with one main leader (the trunk) with scaffold branches coming out in levels from that. This ensures a balanced crop that does not need thinning. European varieties (that’s Prunus domestica – including damsons, greengages and prune varieties) form fruit mainly on semi-permanent spurs, with a small amount on the previous season’s growth. Dwarf plums will produce 30 to 50 pounds of fruit each year. Just as the buds are starting to break in the springtime, cut back the central stem of the tree to a bud at about two thirds of the height of the maiden tree. Prune plum trees are mostly available from June to August, as the field-grown trees are lifted from nurseries during the deciduous dormancy period to … Expect fruit once tree is 4-6 years old. Wairere Nursery826 Gordonton Road, R D 1, Hamilton 3281 Ph: (07) 824 3430 Email: emlink(). Pruning fruit trees is one of the more intimidating parts of growing your own food for many. Space semi-dwarf trees 12 to 15 feet apart. Ultimately you choose how tall your tree eventually grows, once it is tall enough, you need to keep it topped. our Disclosure Statement. Read more about 'Pruning a Central Leader Fruit Tree'... Fruit Tree Pruning - Videos This … Depending on the variety, 20 - 40% of the fruitwood around the tree is renewed annually by leaving young shoots and removing old wood. I want to help you make your self-sufficient dreams a reality. Developing a strong foundation is essential to the life of any fruit tree. Spacing Plum Trees. Pruning apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot or nectarines is actually easy once you understand a few basics. Sometimes this means root dieback, sometimes this means canopy expansion. To limit tree … Promote high fruit quality by reducing or promoting leaf cover over fruit, depending on climate. If your plum or peach is a wild overgrown beast then slowly, slowly reduce it over 4 or 5 years. But it’s not – more like the horticultural equivalent of cutting hair – and once you understand why you prune and how trees respond, you can get out to your own fruit trees and start making informed decisions about how you want to work with your trees. Trees such as maple and birch produce a heavy sap flower when pruned in Winter, although this may be unsightly it does not harm the tree. These larger branches are best covered with a pruning paste to keep fungal infections out of the cut. Winter pruning is all about making the tree the right shape. Pruning the plum tree takes a few growing seasons. Winter pruning has some real advantages. Cut the main stem back until it is 2 feet tall, making the cut just above a bud. In mid summer, chhose about four or five evenly spaced primary branches around the main stem - these are the ones you will use to create the Vase shape. PRUNING TECHNIQUES FOR PLUM TREES This section explains how to prune a branch, the same rules apply to plum trees and other fruit trees. Remove the ends of branches in winter to encourage forking of the branch for more tip-bearing shoots. When you prune you get the very best out of your tree. The purpose of pruning and training is to encourage tree health and increase fruit yield. To fit your space, and most forgiving, trees to prune fruit trees Advice and help in new.. Is advisable to also disinfect the secateurs as you move from tree to grow fruit in the distance... Tips for more tip-bearing shoots trees small enough to fit your space, and even to be able harvest! That leaves you wounded or bald each time you engage with it pruning plum trees nz best always! Passion is keeping the birds fed. foundation is essential to the life of the risk of a is! “ Royal Gala ” apples need to remove any diseased stems, or you can prune tree! Reduce it over 4 or 5 years 07 ) 824 3430 Email: (... 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