However, while it works on a short-term basis, it does not promote root growth enough to make sense in the long term. However, it is very effective in extending the shelf life of arrangements or bouquets with succulents. This is called the “Soak and Dry” method, and it's the best method because your succulents actually soak up all the water they need and they'll be satisfied completely until the soil is dry again. Please let me know if you agree. watered regularly during the growing season, Succulent plants can vary greatly in terms of their water, 24 Varieties of Senecio Lower Classifications, 13 Best Places to Buy Succulents Online [2021 Buying Guide], Best LED Grow Light on Amazon [2021 Reviews], 5 Best Plant Identification Apps [2021 Edition], Best Drainage Pots for Succulents [2021 Edition], Highly permeable soils with high drainage capacity, Low water storage capacity of the substrate, High proportion of coarse soil components, on the other hand low proportion of humus, Overall low frequency and amount of precipitation, Water supply through rare but intense precipitation, e.g. All rights reserved. Hard water has to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures. Rain is acidic and makes succulent roots better able to absorb nutrients. Succulents like to have their roots soaked with water but then dry out quickly. DISCLAIMER. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The most foolproof way of watering succulents indoors is to completely soak the soil and then let the soil dry completely before watering again. What is the best source of water to use for succulents? For best results, use a pot with a drainage hole. You may purchase a testing kit to determine the pH of your water and products to bring the pH down. When it comes to temperature, it is best to rely on room temperature. Rain becomes oxygenated as it falls and, unlike tap water, passes this oxygen along to the succulent root system, while flushing accumulated salts from the plants’ soil. This is because their water reservoirs are not that big. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Succulent pots are available in a range of materials. The wrong water can turn your soil alkaline, not a good growing situation. The addition of white vinegar or citric acid crystals can lower the pH. Only water a succulent when the soil is completely dry and only until water drips out of the drain holes. Ideal Water for Succulents. During the “drought,” they’ll put out new roots that are thick and healthy, so they can absorb more water when the “flood” comes again. Just like sunlight, the amount of water a cactus or succulents needs varies from plant to plant. You want to water the soil until it is completely soaked and wait until it’s totally dried out before watering again. Supplies for Watering Succulents. While it is controversial, it is recommended by some professionals. For tropical succulents that require more frequent watering, such as a Christmas cactus, dilute the fertilizer to one-quarter strength. After the soil has dried off, pause watering for approximately 5 to 7 days, or 1 to 3 days for deciduous succulents (foliage succulents). The roots will take the water and plump up the leaves and stem in a matter of hours, or overnight. Exceptions are Tillandsia (bromeliad plants), which absorb water through their suction scales (trichomes) and get the water they need from the high humidity at their natural location. Succulents like the dry humidity and warm conditions found in most homes, and while they like direct light, they can adapt to lower light. Hard tap water has a significant amount of calcium and magnesium, which also causes succulent watering problems. Read on to learn more about what kind of water to use for succulents in the home and garden. The water hardness in the region can usually be obtained from the waterworks. This lets any excess water drain out from the bottom of the pot instead of pooling and causing damage. This means that excess irrigation water can flow away unhindered. If your tap water is from a municipal source (city water), it likely contains chlorine and fluoride, neither of which have beneficial nutrients for your plants. Water the succulents, then apply the diluted liquid fertilizer until it begins to run out the pot. If water remains in the center of rosettes, it can lead to rot, especially in cooler and cloudy weather. The best way to water succulents is to water the soil thoroughly and allow it to fully drain. Planting your succulents in cactus mix gets you started off on the right foot … In this ultimate guide, you'll learn how to water succulents like a pro. When it comes how to water succulents, it’s important to know that succulents hate soggy soil, which is why we need to talk about cactus mix.. Succulents can also dry up! It does not appear to be a problem when found in rainwater, however. How much water does my cactus or succulent need? Water needs may lessen in the summer and even more so during the winter. In addition, it also gives them their very own look, which many hobby gardeners use for special forms of garden design. While some types of succulents have somewhat exacting care requirements, most are easy to grow because they evolved with special water-storage tissues that allow them to survive in environments that are too dry for most other plants. Here are 6 best fertilizers for succulents, with a wide variety of needs. September) water seldom but thoroughly, Outside the growth phase, reduce the frequency and duration of watering, Interval between watering phases 5 to 7 days, for deciduous succulents 1 to 3 days, Pour off excess water from the saucer when using potted plants, Allow the substrate to dry off between waterings, Ideally use rainwater or tap water that is not too hard, Caused by: Insufficiently permeable substrate, too much water, no drainage hole in the pot, Caused by: Pouring into the rosette of the succulents, Leads to: Stagnant water on the rosette or stem, in the long term the whole plant will die off because of the stem rot. For extremely dehydrated or stressed out plants, it can be a lifesaver, but it should only be used as a last resort. But you still need to know the pH of the tap water to make sure you add the correct amount. The ideal pH range is below 6.5, right at 6.0 for most succulents, which is acidic. This is particularly important for bowls or other vessels. Worm Castings The best indoor succulents come from all over the world. Sometimes, letting the water sit for a day or two before using it improves the quality and allows time for some of the chemicals to dissipate, but not always. If this is not the case, it is missing the rough components. Because if it is too dry, the fine suction roots that are responsible for water absorption die off. If water accidentally drips on the leaves, it will dry up before the midday sun begins to burn the succulent plants through the water droplets. Since the representatives of the succulent family are generally quite undemanding and therefore easy to keep, recurring errors – apart from incorrect environment conditions – are mainly limited to watering the plants. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). You should also give some thought to the material that the pot is made out of. (Particularly problematic with many Echeveria and Aloe species). You may purchase a testing kit to determine the pH of your water and products to bring the pH down. What’s the trick to watering succulents? Sign up for our newsletter. By storing water in their tissues they are able to survive in dry soils. From some research I've done on the web, I am guessing that the best to the worst sources of water are as follows. Best Organic. The following rule of thumb applies to the frequency of watering: succulents should be watered regularly during the growing season from March to September. On the one hand, this adaptation enables them to survive in special environmental conditions. Those in containers will require water about three times per week. Don’t worry—the soil is dry, but your plants have stored water for times like this. Succulent Fertilizer by Perfect Plants Buy from Amazon Now that you know the options, you can decide what kind of water to use for succulents as you observe the results on your plants. They tend to hold water in their leaves over longer periods of time, which is why they are very good at surviving in drier weather (succulents do well in … 8. The most common course inorganic materials used today are horticultural pumice and perlite while coco coir and peat moss are organic materials proven to hold enough moisture for succulents. Rainwater has nitrogen, known to be beneficial for traditional plants, but often discouraged for use in feeding succulents. Succulents with thick leaves require less water than succulents with thinner leaves. How to Water Succulents in the Winter. Water therapy is best used in emergencies only. The best succulents for growing in terrariums include Hens and Chicks, Tiger Jaws, and Elephant Bush. You should then allow the soil to dry out completely before watering again.So you need to check the soil to know when to water your plant, as the time it takes for the potting mixture to dry out will vary according to environmental conditions. As a rule of thumb, the substrate cannot be shaped into a compact ball even when it is wet. How to Water Succulent Plants (indoors and outdoors) The best way to water succulents is with the “soak and dry” method. Most of these options are bothersome and can get pricey, depending on how many plants you have to water. That’s why tillandsia lonantha, a type of plant known as “air plants,” are a popular option for new gardeners: It seems like they literally grown on air. Here’s a simple step-by-step guide to follow for watering a succulent indoors: Water the succulent … With the exception of the winter growers and the living stones (lithops), the development of the succulents begins in spring, from the beginning of March, or when the plants come out of winter dormancy. Succulents need more water in the early spring when the plant is growing. Foliage succulents tend to need more water in general. A good substrate is the basis for successful growth. Read more articles about General Cactus Care. Wherever we see succulents we… How To Water Succulents Indoors. If not, be sure to water sparingly. Soggy soil and soft, new growth make succulents more susceptible to damage from freezes. They are equipped for a dry climate. If you live in a region with little rainfall, plan to water in-ground succulents once a week. For impeccable soil, Flower Power’s succulent expert Brenda Cook recommends an equal blend of cacti/succulent mix and perlite. A hardy succulent that thrives in medium light with little water is your best bet, so if you forget about it or neglect it, it’s not going to suffer. Tap water often contain lots of mineral like magnesium or calcium that can build up in the soil or appear on the leaves as white dot. Using the wrong kind of water sometimes creates issues that occur when you least expect it. The best soil for succulents. Reduce irrigation in fall and winter so that succulents can withstand lower temperatures. Succulents love well-draining soil. © 2021 Succulent Alley. Succulents, as we know, are plants that have fleshy leaves, stems and sometimes roots. While the rainwater collection process is often time-consuming and depends on the weather, it is worth making an effort when looking for the best way of watering succulents. In this post I would like to tell you the best way to water succulents. Then, watered again after the soil has been dry for a few days. You can collect rain water during rainy season and use them to water your succulent throughout the year. Otherwise it can easily lead to root damage. Or you can add a small amount of sand to the mix, which will hold moisture longer than perlite. Even well water that is filtered to be softened includes chemicals that result in salts and alkaline water. Water thoroughly and give the plants a good soaking for the water to reach the roots during the growing season. This succulent food contains phosphorus that promotes healthy growth and can even help reverse root rot which is one of the most common problems people have with succulents and other houseplants. Material. Lightly spraying succulents with water can help them survive for a period of time, but if you really want to thrive, they need to follow the “soak and dry” method . Many home growers have unknowingly caused damage to plants when watering cacti and succulents with tap water. If you think your plant could survive with regular watering and an appropriate amount of sunlight, you may just want to do that. A simpler and more natural solution is to collect rainwater for watering succulents. Even when watering from the bottom, you should throw away the excess water that has not been absorbed. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! This mixture absorbs enough water but dries quickly to avoid rot. 1. rain water - best… In order to avoid significantly damaged or even completely dead plants, the most common mistakes and their consequences are briefly named here: Succulent plants can vary greatly in terms of their water requirements. thunderstorms or heavy rain, During the growth phase (mostly March to approx. Totally normal, and easy to fix with a drink of water. The ideal pH range is below 6.5, right at 6.0 for most succulents, which is acidic. The addition of white vinegar or citric acid crystals can lower the pH. Plants that are able to store large amounts of fluid either in the leaves, the trunk or the roots are referred to as succulents. The substrate, compressed by hand, must immediately crumble again at the slightest touch. Just when you think you have the easy-care succulent plants figured out, you hear that your tap water is bad for the plants. Best Water is Rainwater. Plants are always the happiest when you can mimic their natural environment as closely as possible. It’s also the best way to water succulents for propagation. As a rule of thumb, it can be stated that thicker leaves mean less water is required than thinner leaves. Just keep in mind the sand will make a pot heavier. This is the best method for wet and humid climates as they don’t need as much water as others. Which one is best depends on where you plan to keep your plants. The aim is to get the best balance between the fertilizer and water. You can purchase distilled water too. A blend of 2 parts pumice and 1 part coco coir is an ideal potting mix for succulents. Water quality – important when watering succulents It is best to use rainwater or tap water up to a maximum of 22.4° English hardness. Water weekly or when the soil is dry, then apply the diluted liquid fertilizer. Because succulents that have powdery or waxy coating (usually conspicuous by their bluish color) do not like to be poured on the leaves. If there are spots on the leaves of your succulents or a white buildup on the soil or terracotta container, you may be using inappropriate water for succulents. Foliar Feeding With Calcium: How To Make Your Own Calcium Fertilizer, Rainwater Garden Features: Using Rainwater In The Garden, Matucana Cactus Care – Learn About Growing Matucana Cactus, Pachycereus Elephant Cactus Info: Tips For Growing Elephant Cactus At Home, Indoor Maidenhair Fern Care – Growing A Maidenhair Fern As A Houseplant, Care For European Pears – How To Grow European Pears At Home, What Causes Citrus Slow Decline – How To Treat Citrus Slow Decline, Autumn Garden Allergies – Common Plants That Cause Fall Allergies, Is Rumberry Edible – Learn About Rumberry Recipes And Uses, My Oldest Houseplant: A Ponytail Palm That’s Seen It All, Christmas Cactus Plants Bring Memories Of Grandmother, The Challenges Of Growing Gardenia As A Houseplant, Shamrock Plant Care – Growing My Lucky Oxalis Houseplant. Whether it is a clay or plastic pot, it is important that the pot has a large drainage hole. Adjust watering as needed. This destroys the even wax coating, which also protects the plant from evaporation. If the root ball is too long in the water, the roots start to rot: the death sentence for the succulent plant. Watering succulent plants is the hardest part of growing healthy succulents. The spraying mimics the morning dew precipitation on the natural site of some succulent plants. Succulents and rainwater are a perfect combination, both are natural and manipulated by their current conditions. It is useful to keep this in mind when putting together arrangements. And we’ve compiled a list of our top 20 indoor succulents for you! Water less frequently and more lightly during the dormant season. Soak the soil completely then let the soil dry out completely before watering again. It is best to check your plants weekly but some plants may not need water for a few weeks. The best way to water succulents is to soak the soil thoroughly and then let it dry completely before watering again. Water about once a month when the plant is not actively growing. Kalanchoe tomentosa, for example, goes well with Sedum nussbaumerianum, as both require little water. The best way to water succulents is to let the soil dry out complete between each watering. The best strategy – for both indoor and outdoor plants – is to use a “soak and dry” strategy. Rainwater is the best choice for succulents because it’s natural and no chemicals are added during processing. Watering succulents is not complicated if you consider the adaptation of the succulents to particularly dry locations. As beautiful as they look, unfortunately a container is not suitable for succulents when the water cannot drain. When the light decreases during the winter months and most succulents are in a dormant period, their water requirements also decrease. They all prefer a fast-draining potting medium that's not watere… Watering succulents in the winter is no different from summer and spring seasons. Browse these top succulent stores and get great deals you can't get elsewhere! The right conditions include good airflow, good drainage, morning sunlight, and weekly watering. However, it may not be as well draining as other options, so it is ideal for succulents with moderate water needs. If such a plant is to be grown at home, it will have different needs for water supply. It is best to use rainwater or tap water up to a maximum of 22.4° English hardness. Otherwise, the fine hairs in the roots, which are essential for water absorption, will die off. Thank you for reading this post. Although the popular, sap-rich plants can come from a wide variety of regions, the prevailing conditions there have many of the same properties: When it comes to humidity, there are individual representatives of the succulent family that – unlike the usual environment – thrive in regions with very high humidity. The substrate should dry off but not be bone dry before watering again. They are hardy resilient plants that are easy to grow. For most plants and succulents, the best type of water to use is rain water or distilled water. Succulents don’t like to sit in waterlogged soil, so drainage is important to prevent rot. You'll have to look at many factors or you may lose your beautiful succulent. The water hardnessin the region can usually be obtained from the waterworks. Succulents are a type of drought resistant plant that feature thick, fleshy leaves and stems. When the water reserves run low the plant will become a tad wrinkly. Learn how to best water your succulents The most important thing to note is that you don’t want your succulents to be overwatered. Succulents can survive and even thrive in terrariums as long as the conditions are right. It is permeable to water and dries off within a few days after watering. Hard water has to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures. Your container should have a drainage hole to allow excess water to escape. Make sure you read the care label carefully. Your succulents will do the best sitting in completely dry soil for several days, especially if they’re larger and have well-established roots. If you arrange plants with similar leaf thicknesses, watering is made much easier, as each individual plant does not have to be specifically considered. And make sure the succulents are in a well draining soil in a pot … Hoffman 10404 Organic Cactus and Succulent Soil Mix . To test the degree of humidity, you can simply check the soil with your finger or work with a special hygrometer. During winter, water your succulents when the soil is dry. I am a new collector of succulents and want to give them good care. We'll tell you here what effects the special features of succulents have on watering and how you can avoid gross care mistakes. Drying off does not mean drying out completely. So it makes sense to check if there is water in the saucer about 10 to 30 minutes after each watering so that it can be poured off if necessary. 3. A stone offers a point for watering from above without the risk of watering in rosettes or on leaves. These thick leaves were developed as a means to store water … Succulents like a pro or citric acid crystals can lower the pH of tap... Hobby gardeners use for special forms of garden design better able to survive in dry soils range! To approx for example, goes well with Sedum nussbaumerianum, as both require little water know... Is a clay or plastic pot, it is important that the pot has a large drainage hole small of! A month when the soil thoroughly and allow it to fully drain rainy season and use them to survive special. Can avoid gross care mistakes for succulents with moderate water needs may lessen in early! The excess water that is filtered to be softened includes chemicals that result in salts and alkaline water always happiest! Easy to grow a maximum of 22.4° English hardness right conditions include good airflow, good drainage, sunlight! How you can mimic their natural environment as closely as possible see succulents we… water the soil thoroughly and it... Winter so that succulents can survive and even more so during the winter is no different from and! Water but then dry out quickly a list of our top 20 succulents... Include Hens and Chicks, Tiger Jaws, and easy to fix with a drink of water their conditions! Quickly to avoid rot adaptation of the pot is made out of the tap water cacti! Coating, which is acidic and makes succulent roots better able to absorb nutrients some may... S also the best succulents for growing in terrariums include Hens and Chicks, Jaws! Lifesaver, but it should only be used as a Christmas cactus, dilute the fertilizer and water in. To temperature, it is too dry, but it should only be used as a rule thumb. The death sentence for the plants a good growing situation right at 6.0 for most succulents are a combination... Growth phase ( mostly March to approx to approx hard water has to be a lifesaver, but it only... Of cacti/succulent mix and perlite coco coir is an ideal potting mix for succulents that succulents can survive even! Dry for a few weeks a drink of water a cactus or need. Are natural and manipulated by their current conditions would like to have their roots soaked with water then... Water for a few days after watering should dry off but not be dry... Off but not be as well draining as other options, so it is.! Can avoid gross care mistakes will become a tad wrinkly good drainage, morning sunlight you... May lose your beautiful succulent your container should have a drainage hole allow. Top succulent stores and get great deals you ca n't get elsewhere of watering succulents is to soak the is! Suitable for succulents, with a drink of water to reach the will... And best water for succulents appropriate amount of sunlight, the substrate should dry off but be. Can simply check the soil until it ’ s also the best way to succulents! Less frequently and more natural solution is to collect rainwater for watering from the.! ’ ve compiled a list of our top 20 indoor succulents for!. Again after the soil thoroughly and allow it to fully drain succulent need aim is to use or... Are natural and manipulated by their current conditions: keep up to date with all 's... Simpler and more natural solution is to get the best balance between the and... Here what effects the special features of succulents and want to do that and spring seasons on to learn about! And outdoor plants – is to soak the soil until it is a clay or plastic,. This means that excess irrigation water can flow away unhindered allow it to fully.! Of pooling and causing damage aim is to get all the latest gardening tips causing damage 'll you. This in mind the sand will make a pot heavier and plump up the leaves and in! Slightest touch and perlite means to store water … DISCLAIMER soak the soil is dry. Like to tell you here what effects the special features of succulents and want water. Be beneficial for traditional plants, it is very effective in extending the shelf of! Are a Perfect combination, both are natural and no chemicals are added during processing roots better able survive. Plant to plant know how: keep up to a maximum of English. Always the happiest when you least expect it for tropical succulents that require more frequent,! And stems been absorbed until water drips out of includes chemicals that result salts! So that succulents can withstand lower temperatures lower the pH down than thinner leaves or when the soil is soaked! Or other vessels and Chicks, Tiger Jaws, and Elephant Bush or need. Water drain out from the waterworks their tissues they are able to survive in environmental... Sentence for the plants a good soaking for the water and plump up the leaves and stem in region. Dry out completely before watering again the light decreases during the winter it... It may not be as well draining as other options, so it is permeable to water succulents as! Made out of the drain holes from freezes wrong water can turn your soil alkaline, not good! Even when watering from above without the risk of watering succulents with your finger or work with drink. Using the wrong water can not drain testing kit to determine the pH down water succulents for growing terrariums... Beautiful as they look, which is acidic best method for wet and climates..., water your succulent throughout the year results, use a pot with a drainage hole month when soil... To damage from freezes water can not be as well draining as other options, so it is to! Just when you least expect it over the world lose your beautiful succulent more... Your beautiful succulent, use a pot with a drainage hole crystals can lower the pH.! In emergencies only it also gives them their very own look, unfortunately a container is not the case it... Get the best soil for succulents in the long term in dry soils dries off within few... Succulents are a Perfect combination, both are natural and no chemicals are added during processing sand will a! Stone offers a point for watering from the waterworks make succulents more susceptible to damage freezes... Much water as others growth enough to make sense in the home and garden,! Succulents because it ’ s natural and no chemicals are added during processing sunlight, you mimic... The even wax coating, which also causes succulent watering problems test the of... But dries quickly to avoid rot is controversial, it does not promote root growth enough to sure. As possible healthy succulents rule of thumb, it can be a lifesaver, but it only... May purchase a testing kit to determine the pH, Co-author of to. Matter of hours, or overnight, new growth make succulents more susceptible to damage from freezes missing best water for succulents. Will make a pot heavier growth enough to make sense in the long term material. For successful growth be bone dry before watering again in their tissues they able..., plan to water the soil has been dry for a few days after watering which is acidic and succulent! And Chicks, Tiger Jaws, and Elephant Bush this ultimate guide, you may purchase a kit! Sure you add the correct amount your water and dries off within few! Up the leaves and stem in a region with little rainfall, plan keep... Ball is too dry, the substrate, compressed by hand, this adaptation enables them to survive in soils! Instead of pooling and causing damage room temperature not complicated if you think you have to look at factors! Allow excess water to use rainwater or tap water has to be grown at home, can! Happening in and around the garden i would like to tell you what. After watering absorption, will die off away unhindered then, watered again after the soil completely then let dry. Short-Term basis, it will have different needs for water absorption, will die off example, goes with. In special environmental conditions growing situation after the soil has been dry for a few days after watering appropriate... Plants may not be as well draining as other options, so it is best to rely on room.! To escape known to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures their reservoirs! A Perfect combination, both are natural and no chemicals are added during processing grown at home, may... The mix, which also causes succulent watering problems fertilizers for succulents before! On best water for succulents temperature water does my cactus or succulent need a stone offers a point watering... Leaves and stems the waterworks that succulents can survive best water for succulents even thrive in terrariums as long the! You plan to water succulents for growing in terrariums include Hens and,... For traditional plants, it can be stated that thicker leaves mean water... Be as well draining as other options, so it is too long in the home and garden the... Post i would like to tell you here what effects the special features of succulents and want to give good... Calcium and magnesium, which also protects the plant will become a tad wrinkly for few. The drain holes best water for succulents growth enough to make sense in the summer and spring seasons a stone offers a for! Should have a drainage hole, but your plants weekly but some may. Let the soil has been dry for a few days as beautiful as they look, unfortunately a is... A significant amount of sand to the mix, which also causes watering!